Drug dependence is an unrelenting illness that presents in obsessive, or out of control drive to access the drug at any cost even when one is aware of the danger and long lasting harm effects on their brain. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Drug dependency is a degenerative illness. Relapsing is when a person starts to use drugs again after he/she attempted to quit.
Drug dependency grows from a deliberate choice to take a substance. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. This is generally because of the impacts of long haul drug exposure on brain work. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
Dependency is an illness that affects behaviour and the brain.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
There is, but it is a long journey. Drug dependency is a long-time illness from which it is not possible to quit at will and remain clean. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
Stop taking drugs
abstain from drugs
Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community
Principles Behind Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
No exclusive treatment is correct for everybody.
Individuals must be able to access treatment quickly.
To be successful, the treatment plan should not focus on the addiction only but the whole person.
It is extremely important to remain under treatment for a very long period of time.
The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
When medications are administered in conjunction with behavioural therapies, they form a valuable part of the treatment.
Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
The treatment does not rely on the volition of the patient to yield positive fruits.
Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
How Is Substance Dependency Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
medication (for tobacco, alcohol or opioid dependency)
evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Family or community based recovery support systems are some of the things involved in a follow-up care.
How Are Meds Utilised As A Part Of Drug Compulsion Treatment?
Administered under professional supervision, prescription medicines are used to help the patient ease into a life without the effects of the drug, stop cravings and manage associated ailments.
Withdrawal During rehab, taking some prescription drugs assists in reducing withdrawal reactions. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Those who stop at detox will most likely relapse into drug abuse again. The SAMHSA, 2014 study has shown that about 80% of detox programmes use prescription drugs.
Relapse Prevention Medications can help manage cravings and help patients re-establish normal brain activity. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Medications that could be used in treating cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) addiction are being developed by scientists at present. Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Patients are assisted by behavioural therapies to:
Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
Upturn healthy life abilities
Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
Treatment is available to patients in many different types of locations which use various methods.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.
Other forms of behavioural therapy available in these program include:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients perceive, dodge and adapt to the circumstances in which they are destined to utilise drugs
multidimensional family therapy-devised for teenagers with substance dependency issues as well as their families-which looks at a series of influences on their substance abuse patterns and is created to better family functioning in general
Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
Treatment is once in awhile escalated at to begin with, where patients go to numerous outpatient sessions every week. Subsequent to finishing escalated treatment, patients move to customary outpatient treatment, which meets less frequently and for decreased hours every week to help manage their recuperation.
Patients dealing with complications caused by long time abuse of drugs may benefit greatly from inpatient also known as residential rehabilitation services. The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are:
In the period it takes for the patient to recover, usually six to twelve months, the patient becomes a member of the community at the therapeutic facility. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. The recovery housing programme provides a bridge for the patients between the long term inpatient facility and re-joining the society; patients are helped to prepare for life on the outside by enabling them to look for jobs and learn how to take care and budget their money.
Challenges Of Re-Entry
Habitual intake of drugs alters the normal functions of the brain, and various things can cause one to have a burning desire to take the drugs. Those undergoing treatment, especially in prison or inpatient facilities will find it very useful, as they will understand the best way to handle and overcome the triggers that will face them after recovery.